MCQ on Romantic Age for UGC NET SET JRF


Romantic Age : Multiple Choice Questions for UGC- NET JRF, English Literature

1. Who wrote preface to Mary Shelley's 'Frankenstein' ?

A) Wordsworth
B) Edgeworth
C) P B Shelley
D) Goldwin

2. Which of the followings is Mary Shelley's most importan Gothic novel?

A) Ladore
B) Frankestein
C) Mathilda
D) Falkner

3. ' The Mysteries of Udolpho' which was published in 1794, is a novel written by-

A) Mary Shelley
B) Matthew Gregory Lewis
C) Ann Radcliffe
D) Horace Walpole

4. Mathew Lewis's 'The Monk' is a-

A) Novel

B) Essay
C) Drama
D) Poem

5. Fiction prose of the Romantic Age grew into primarily in the form of novels which can be categorised into ___ types.

A) Four
B) Three
C) Five
D) Two

[ the novel of this period can be divided into three types- Gothic novel, Historical novel and Novel of Manners ]

6. Who wrote first the Gothic Novel ?

A) Goldwin
B Horace Walpole
C) Anne Redcliffe
D) P. B. Shelley

7. 'The Sicilian Romance' by Anne Redcliffe is a -

A) Romance
B) Philosiphical work
C) Novel
D) Essay

8. Prominent features of Gothic novel is -

A) Romance and feelings
B) Poem and love songs
C) Mystery and element of supernatural
D) Horror and pity

9. Manfred is a antagonist in -
A) Frankestein 
B) The Sicilian Roman
C) Tales of Terror
D) The Castle of Otranto

10. Who wrote the 'Heart of Midlothian' ?

A) Jane Austen
B) Sir Patrick
C) Walter Scott
D) John Gibson

11. Which of the following novels was not completed by Jane Austen?

A) The Watsons
B) First Impression
C) The Kennedys
D) Love and Friendship

12. The main character of novel 'The Mysteries of Udolpho' is -

A) Theadore
B) Emily Jenson
C) Isabella
D) An Orphaned Emily Aubert

13. 'Evelina' was published in 1778-

A) posthumously
B) anonymously
C) under a pseudonym
D) using the name Fanny Burney

14. Romantic period coinecides with-

A) Peasants' Revolution
B) American Civil War
C) French Revolution
D) War of Roses

15. Mary Wollstonevraft is best known for-

A) Vindications of the Right of Man

B) The Wrongs of a Woman
C) Calb williams
D) Victim of Prejudice

16. Who coined the term 'Jacobin novel' ?

A) Gray Kelly
B) Wollstonecraft
C) Mary Hays
B) P.B. Shelley


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Horace Walpole (1717-1797)

Horace Walpole is primarily known for his novel, 'The Castle of Otranto', which is known widely considered as the first Gothic Novel. He also wrote a couple of volumes on arts and antique.

Major Works
* The Castle of Otranto (1764)
* The Mysterious Mother (1768)
* Three Princes of Serendip
* Life and Reign of King Richard III (1768)
* On Modern Gardening (1780)
* A Description of the Villa
* Mr. Horace Walpole (1784)

Ann Radcliffe (1764-1823)

Her most famous novel ' The Mysteries of Udolpho' was published in 1794. It is  one of the most famous English Gothic Novel. It tells the story of Emily St. Aubert, a beautiful virtuous young lady. She also published a travelogue, 'A Journey Through Holland and the Western Frontier of Germany in 1795.

Major Works
* The Castles of Athlin and Dunbayne (1789)
* A Sicilian Romance (1790)
* The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794)

Matthew Gregory Lewis (1775-1818)

English Novelist and Dramatist Matthew Gregory Lewis wrote his popular Gothic novel 'The Monk' in 1796 influenced by the head gothic novelist, Ann Radcliffe. It tells the story of a monk who descends into a world of degradation. His major works are given below-

* The Monk (1796)
* The Castle Spectre (drama, in 1798)
* Tales of Wonder (poem)
* Tales of Terror (poem)

Mary Shelley (1797-1851)

Mary Shelley, the daughter of famous political writer William Godwin, was an English writer. Her most important work, her Gothic Novel 'Frankenstein: or  The Modern Prometheus' was written at the age of 19. It was dedicated to her father William Godwin. P. B. Shelley wrote the  Preface to Mary Shelley's 'Frankenstein' in 1817. Her major works are given below-

* Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus' (1818)
* Lodore (1835)
* Falkner (1837)
* Mathilda (posthumously)

Jacobin Novelists

Thomas Holcroft (1745-1809)

Major Works-
* The Crisis: or, Love and Famine
* The School for Arrogance 
* The Road to Ruin: A Comedy (1792)
* The Deserted Daughter: A Comedy ( 1795)
* Alwyn (1780)
* Anna St Ives: A Novel (1792)
* The Adventures of Hugh Trevor: A Novel (1794)

Elizabeth Inchbald (1753-1821)

She was an English novelist, actress and playwright. Her major work are-

* A Mogul Tale  (a play, 1784)
* I'll Tell You What  (play, 1785)
* A Simple Story  (novel, 1797)
* Nature and Art  (novel, 1796)

William Godwin (1756-1836)

Major Works
* The History of the Life of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham
* An Enquiry concerning Political Justice
* Things as They Are: or Caleb Williams
* Thoughts on Man: His Nature


1. Who wrote Lucy poems?

Ans. Wordsworth

2. The Lyrical Ballads opens with -

Ans. Rime of Ancient Mariner

3. Which book is subtitled as 'Showingh the Two Contrary States of the Human Soul' ?

Ans. Songs of Innocence and Experience

4. Who wrote 'Biographia Literaria'?

Ans. S. T. Coleridge

5. Which romantic poet coined the famous phrase 'Spots of Times'?

Ans. William Wordsworth

6. William Blake's famous poems such as 'London', 'The Sick Rose', and 'The Tyger' appear in-

Ans. Songs of Experience

7. 'Endymion', 'Isabella', 'Otho' and 'The Fall of Hyperion'  'The Eve of St Agnes' were written by-

Ans. John Keats

8. In Charles Lamb's 'Essays of Elia' who is Elia? 

Ans. Charles himself

9. When were the Lyrical Ballads was published?

Ans. 1798

10. Wordsworth believed in the concept of -

Ans. Pantheism

11. Byron's 'The Vision of Judgement' is a satire directed against-

Ans. Robert Southey

12. Which is the pair of lovers Endymion does not meet in Keat's Endymion?

Ans. Romio and Juliet

13. Who wrote a poem known as 'The Shepherd's Calendar' that was published in 1827?

Ans. John Clare

14. 'Ode to a Skylark', 'The Cloud', Adonais', Ode to the West Wind' and 'The Revolt of Islam' all of these are written by-

Ans. P. B. Shelley

15.  Who wrote 'Lines Written a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey' ?

Ans. William Wordsworth

16. 'Tom Jones' is the famous work of -

A) Sir Walter Scott
B) Henry Fielding
C) John Dryden
D) Alexander Pope

17.James II ascended the throne in-

A) 1658
B) 1688
C) 1685
D) 1655

18. Which of the following is not generally considered to be Neo-classical poet?

A) Henry Vaughan
B) John Dryden
C) Alexander Pope
D) Ben Johnson

19. In which period the government was divided into two parties, known as Troy and Whig?

A) Romantic Period
B) The Neo-classical age
C) Victorian Age
D) Elizabethan Age

20. The Eighteenth century in English language is known as -

A) Romantic Period
B) Augustan Age
C) Victorian Age
D) Elizabethan Age

Major Poets of the Romantic Age

Romantic poets are divided into two groups that is - First generation of Romantics and second generation of Romantics. The first generation of writings were inspired by the Battle of Bastille and the French Revolution. The main poets belonging to this period are- William Blake, William Wordsworth, S.T. Colleridge and Robert Southey.

William Blake (1757-1827)

Blake's first printed work, 'Poetical Sketches' (1783) , is a collection of apprentice verse, mostly imitiating classical models. In 1789, He produced 'Songs of Innocence' as the first major work in his new process, followed by 'Songs of Experience' (1794). Among his best known lyrics are 'The Lamb', The Tiger', and 'London'

Major Works
* Poetical Sketches (1783)
* America, a Prophecy (1793)
* Visions of the Daughters of Albion (1793)
* Europe, a Prophecy (1794)
* The Book of Urizen (1794)
* The Marriage of Heaven and Hell (1790-93)

Songs of Innocence and of Experience
Songs of Innocence was originally a complete work first printed in 1789. It is a conceptual collection of 19 poems, engraved with artwork. This collection mainly shows happy, innocent perception in pastoral harmony, but at times, such as in "The Chimney Sweeper" and "The Little Black Boy", subtly shows the dangers of this naΓ―ve and vulnerable state.
The poems are each listed below:
The Shepherd
The Echoing Green
The Lamb
The Little Black Boy
The Blossom
The Chimney Sweeper
The Little Boy Lost
The Little Boy Found
Laughing Song
A Cradle Song
The Divine Image
Holy Thursday
Nurse's Song
Infant Joy
A Dream
On Another's Sorrow

Songs of Experience is a poetry collection of 26 poems. The poems were published in 1794. Some of the poems, such as "The Little Girl Lost" and "The Little Girl Found", were moved by Blake to Songs of Innocence and were frequently moved between the two books.
The poems are listed below:

William Wordsworth ( 1770-1850)

He was one of the most famous British poets. He made his debut as a writer in 1787, when he published a sonnet in 'The European Magazine'. He wrote a large number of lyrics and sonnets. One of the best known lyric is 'Lucy Poems' He, in the collaboration of S.T. Coleridge wrote 'Lyrical Ballads' (1798, which begins with Coleridge's 'Rime of the Ancient Mariner' and closes with Wordsworth's 'Tintern Abbey'. 

Major Works
* Lyrical Ballads (1798, 2nd edition in 1800)
* Tintern Abbey
* We are Seven
* Lines written in Early Spring
* The Prelude
* Poems in Two Volumes [ included the poems: Ode to Duty, Resolution and Independence and Intimations of Immortality, ]

The Prelude
Wordsworth's autobiographical poem, The Prelude was started in 1799 and was completed in 1805. However, it was published posthumously in 1850.

The first version containing two books was published in 1799. The second version with 13 books was published in 1805 and the final revised edition came out in 1850 with 14 books. The poem is subtitled 'Growth of a Poet's Mind: An Autobiographical Poem'.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)

English poet and literary critic S. T. Coleridge's first volume of poetry , 'Poems on Various Subjects' was published in 1796. His best known poems are The Rime of the Ancient Mariner' and 'Kubla Kahan'. His finest literary criticism, 'Biographia Literaria' was published in 1817.

Major  Works
*  Lyrical Ballads ( with Wordsworh)
*  Rime of the Ancient Mariner
* Conversation Poems
* Kubla Khan (1798)
* Christabel (1801)
* Dejection: An Ode (1802)
* Sibylline Leaves (1817)
* Aids to Reflection (1825)
* Church and State (1830)

Robert Southey (1747-1843)

Southey was an English poet and biographer. He was appointed as the poet laureate in 1813. With Samuel Coleridge he wrote a three-act verse drama 'The Fall of Robesierre', in 1794. His most ambitious poems 'Thalaba', 'The Curse of Kehama', Madoc and Roderick' are based on mythology of different nations. He is known for his biographies, 'The Life of Nelson' and Life of Wesley.

Major Works
* The Fall of Robespierre
 * The Inchcape Rock
* The Battle of Blenheim
* Letters Written During a Short Residence in Spain and Portugal
* A Vision of Judgement 
* The Life of Nelson (biography)
* Life of Wesley (biography)

Lord George Gordon Byron or Lord Byron (1788-1824)

He was a British romantic poet. During his time he was the most popular of all Romantic poets. Byron's first collection of poetry, 'Hours of Idleness' appeared in 1807. The poem were savagely attacked by Henry Brougham in the Edinburgh Review. Byron replied with the publication of his satire 'English Bards and Scotch Reviewers (1809). It was a satirical poem written in heroic couplets.

Major Works
Childe Harold's Pilgrimage (a poem, 1818)
* Manfred (1817)
* Don Juan (1824)
* She Walks In Beauty (1815)

Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)

English poet Shelley's first publication was a Gothic Novel, 'Zastrozzi (1810) and his first major poem, 'Queen Mab'. In 1817, Shelley produced 'Loan and Cythna', a long narrative poem which was later edited and reissued as 'The Revolt of Islam'. His 'Adonais', a pastoral elegy on the death of Keats, appeared in 1821.

Major Works

* Mont Blank (1817)
* Hymn To Intellectual Beauty (1817)
* Prometheus Unbound (1820)
* Ode To The West Wind (1820)
* To A Skylark (1820)
* Ozymandias (1818)
* Adonais: An Ellegy on the Death of John Keats (1821)
The Triumph of Lofe (1824)
* A Defence of Poetry (1821-1840)

[ Shelley's 'A Defence of Poetry' was originally written in 1821 in response to Thomas Love Peacock's 'The Four Ages of Poetry'. His 'Ode to the West Wind' was written in 1819 and published in the 'Prometheus Unbound' volume in 1820.]

John Keats (1795-1821)

English Romantic poet John Keats was the last and most perfect poet of this age. Keats' first long poem, 'Endymion' appeared in 1818 which begins with the most famous line 'A thing of beauty is a joy for ever' based on the Greak myth of Endymion. 

Major Works
* Endymion: A Poetic Romance
* Hyperion (1820)
* The Fall of Hyperion: A Dream (1820)
* The Eve of St. Agnes (1820)
* Lamia ( 1819-1856)
* La Belle Dame Sans Merci (1820)
* Ode to A Nightingale (1820)
* Ode on a Grecian Urn (1820)
* To Psyche

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